What Worksheets Are Needed for Teaching Phonics?
- Many children learn to read with phonics.reading girl image by Julia Britvich from Fotolia.com
Phonics is a teaching method in which students learn to read by first sounding out letters and then words. They eventually move on to more complicated text. Students learn to break down a word into parts and then match the pieces to form a whole. Using this method, they eventually develop a large reading vocabulary. You can use worksheets to teach phonics by using fill-in-the-blanks, close activities or matching activities to help students progressively learn basic phonics material and help them become lifelong readers.
Consonants and Vowels
- The alphabet includes both vowels and consonants, and children learning phonics will need worksheets that help them learn these sounds. Consonants may be soft or hard, and vowel sounds short or long. Double- and silent-vowel worksheets will help children to learn how to sound out words as well.
Beginning and End Sounds
- Children develop phonemic awareness by knowing where the sound occurs within a word, so worksheets that teach beginning and end sounds will increase their phonemic abilities. Use worksheets that teach beginning and end sounds to increase phonemic awareness and student reading skills. Have students fill out worksheets with blocks for beginning and end sounds.
- Consonant blends are when two or more consonants appear next to each other in a word. Blended letters each keep their own sound when spoken. Blends can be taught once children have mastered basic consonants. Students can use worksheets to fill in and sound out consonant blends.
- Word families are a series of letters put together that from a sound such as ack, am and ump. They are also called phonograms and rimes. Adding a consonant to a word to the beginning of a word family can change the meaning entirely, and once children learn to recognize word families they can sound out words much more quickly. Give students worksheets of word families and have them fill in consonants to form more words.
Diphthongs and Digraphs
- Digraphs are two or more consonants put together in a word that form one sound. Examples of digraphs include sh, ch and ng. They are can be in the beginning, middle or end of a word. Diphthongs are two vowels next to each other in a word that form into one sound. Diphthong examples include oo, oi and oy. Use worksheets that allow students to add in letters to form diphthongs and digraphs.